Term installation art is used to describe large-scale constructions, often designed for a specific place or for a temporary time period. Installation artworks, sometimes called ‘environments’, often take an entire room or gallery space that the visitor has to walk through in order to engage fully with the work of art. Some installations, however, are designed simply to be walked around or are so fragile that they can only be viewed from a distance.
What installation art aims for, rather than visual representation, is communication. A visually flawless art piece is not necessarily the ambition when it comes to installations but rather weaving the viewer inside a world the artist has created. Installation art pursues to bring art out of isolated galleries and museums. By utilizing unusual materials, such as recycled materials, everyday objects, and found items artists are expanding the conservative boundaries of what constitutes as art.
Additionally, installation art shakes the commonplace idea of the value of artworks via its
characteristics of site-specificity, temporariness and often largeness which make it difficult to sell and collect. It contests the idea of putting a price to art. Is it even possible to determine the value of culture?
Installation art can be seen to have begun developing since the first decade of the 20 th century by artists such as Marchel Duchamp, who wanted to steer away from the conventional art of the time. However, it gained name in the 1970s describing the attributes of artwork that consumes an entire space or a gallery and thus, alters the viewing experience. Artists wanted to create intrinsic experiences that engulf viewers into situations and places that enhance the emotions that the artwork evokes. By placing viewers inside the art installation artists can better transfer their intended message. The message was often one of bringing attention to social issues and cultural contexts.
Modern installation artists often utilize the opportunities offered by technological advancements in order to create even more immersive art environments. Artists harness light, video, sensors, computers and even virtual reality to create extraordinary art installations that can be either gallery-based, internet-based or even virtual galleries.